('Aderenza') adherence: climbing technique that, with supports for the feet, exploits the friction between the sole of the boots and the rock. Fundamental to this type of progression are the quality and material of the boots as well as the firm feet of the hiker.
('Appigli') Handholds: stretches of rock or of artificial equipment that, during a progression, are useful for the hands and fingers.
('Appoggi') Footholds: stretches of rock or artificial equipment that, during a progression, are useful for the feet.
('Arenzaria') Sandstone: type of sedimentary rock with increasing degree of hardness. Generally smooth, it is not characterized by a high climbing grip.
('Attacco') Start: The point at which the metal equipment for progressing along the via ferrata begins.
('Bastionata') Bastion: generally wide and compact rock wall.
('Bivacco') Shelter: mountain hut where it is possible to stop and stay overnight if necessary. It is generally characterized by the absence of managers, a spartan environment and the self-management of hikers.
('Casco') Helmet: indispensable tool for one's own safety during a via ferrata. It repairs both from falling stones and debris, and from injuriess resulting from the progression or from a possible fall.
('Cambre') Brackets: square metal brackets that facilitate progression. They stand out from nails as they tend to be longer allowing two feet to be able to stand at the same time.
('Camino') Chimney: Rock fissure enclosed between two walls such as to allow the climber to climb inside and, often, can be overcome with spread legs ('split') using both walls.
('Canalone') Gully: Furrow, ravine where the hiker proceeds.
('Cengia') Ledge: exposed and horizontal balcony that interrupts the verticality of the wall. Generally narrow, it is used to cross a wall or as a stopping point.
('Chiodo') Nail: metal blade with ring on the external side used in the via ferrata to support a single foot helping the progression.
('Concatenamento') Combining: combination of multiple routes (eg multiple via ferratas) within the same trip.
('Corda doppia') Repell: common descent method on steep, overhanging or vertical terrain. Generally not necessary in via ferrata except in the case where re-entry by the normal route is not possible.
('Cordata') Roped party: two or more hikers who are tied together for safety reasons.
('Corde fisse') Fixed ropes: Ropes anchored along the route to facilitate the ascent of hikers in difficult sections. In the case of via ferrata, the fixed ropes are metallic and present in almost all of the route.
('Cresta / Crestina') Ridge: stretch a mountain that divides two walls. The meeting of the two sides is the summit ridge while the meeting of two very steep vertical walls is called Spigolo.
('Diedro') Dihedral: more or less closed corner formed by two rock walls.
('Dissipatore') Sink: tool that intervenes in the event of a fall on a via ferrata absorbing part of the energy generated. To date, the two solutions generally used are the slab and the tear-away sink, with the latter becoming increasingly popular.
('Esposizione') Exposure: feeling of the underlying emptiness linked to the fact of not being enclosed between walls. It is a subjective factor of difficulty in via ferrata.
Fattore di caduta: rapporto tra i metri di caduta e i metri di corda che assorbono la caduta. Nel caso delle vie ferrate, il fattore di caduta è potenzialmente elevato: massima distanza tra due fittoni e lunghezza della longe (generalmente 1 metro). Nel caso di una distanza tra i fittoni di 4 metri, il fattore di caduta è 6 (1 metro di longe prima del cambio moschettone, 4 metri tra un fittone e l’altro e un metro di longe al terine della caduta). L’elevato fattore di caduta, rende necessario un dissipatore che assorba l’energia scaturita in caso di caduta.
('Fettuccia') Bend: tape used by the hiker for temporary protection. In the case of via ferrata, it is used to create temporary rest areas by applying a carabiner to one side.
('Fittone') Taproot: anchorage in which the characteristic metallic cable of the via ferrata passes. Its presence requires the passage of the carabiner.
('Guanti') Gloves: although not necessary, they are recommended in progression during via ferrata, in particular whencontact with metal equipment and the cable is regular.
('Gradino') Step: rock development where progression is made with leaps and wide steps. As in a stone staircase, if the slope is accentuated, the progression occurs with the use of hands.
('Imbrago') Harness: necessary tool for the progression in via ferrata and for climbing. Allows the impact to be distributed in the event of a fall and is necessary for the attachment of the self-insurance via ferrata set.